Pagliaro L, Rinaldi F, Craxì A, Di Piazza S, Filippazzo G, Gatto G, Genova G, Magrin S, Maringhini A, Orsini S, Palazzo U, Spinello M, Vinci M.
Dig Dis Sci. 1983 Jan;28(1):39-43.PMID: 6217961
A prospective controlled study of the diagnostic accuracy of blind percutaneous liver biopsy in comparison to laparoscopy plus guided biopsy for the recognition or exclusion of cirrhosis has been performed. One hundred twenty-six patients with a clinical diagnosis of chronic, diffuse, well-compensated liver disease were randomized into two groups and submitted either to percutaneous blind liver biopsy (PB: 64 patients) or to laparoscopy with guided biopsy (LB: 62 patients), in order to assess the accuracy of either procedure in diagnosing cirrhosis. PB correctly recognized or ruled out cirrhosis in 52 patients (82%). Inconclusive results were mostly false negative, as demonstrated by the presence on endoscopy of esophageal varices or by subsequent LB. LB demonstrated presence or absence of cirrhosis in all patients. The difference between the rate of accurate results of the two procedures is statistically significant. It is concluded that in patients without esophageal varices, LB should be the investigation of choice for the assessment of liver structure since the presence of cirrhosis can be missed in up to 20% of cases by PB.