Breastfeeding in Prevention of Postpartum Acute pancreatitis

Alberto Maringhini – Marco Maringhini – Gabriella Dardanoni – Margherita Rossi –     Rosalia Patti – Michele Amata – Sabrina Arnone – Antonio Maiorana. 

Dig Dis Sci. 2021 Nov 3 doi: 10.1007/s10620-021-07281-y


Background: Acute pancreatitis (AP) caused by gallstones has an increased rate of incidence in young women in the 2 years postpartum. Middle-aged women with longer periods of breastfeeding have less hospitalization for gallbladder disease.

Aim: To investigate whether breastfeeding or other variables may be associated with AP.

Methods: We conducted a population-based case-control study among all Sicilian women of childbearing age, and we identified all women who delivered (2013-2016) and had AP within 2 years postpartum. We reviewed their medical records, and for each case we matched four women of the same age (± 5 years), without AP. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratios (OR) with their confidence intervals (CI) to assess associations between AP and clinical determinants.

Results: In the 74 women with AP and 298 controls at univariate analysis, > 6 months oral contraception history (p < 0.01; OR 3.30; 95% CI 1.33-8.16), previous biliary disease (p < 0.001; OR 5.90; 95% CI 1.98-17.57) and smoking (p = 0.035; OR 2.04; 95% CI 1.04-4.0) were predictors of AP; amenorrhea ≥ 3 months (p < 0.001; OR 0.34; 95% CI 0.19-0.59) and breastfeeding ≥ 3 months (p < 0.001; OR 0.07; 95% CI 0.03-0.14) were protective. At multivariate analysis, previous biliary disease (p = 0.011; OR 5.49; 95% CI 1.48-20.38) and breastfeeding ≥ 3 months (p < 0.001; OR 0.06; CI 95% 0.03-0.14) were associated with AP.

Conclusions: Women who breastfeed for at least 3 months and do not have a history of biliary disorders have reduced risk of developing AP in the 2 years after delivery.

Keywords: Acute pancreatitis; Breastfeeding; Gallstones; Pregnancy.

Link PubMed

Altre pubblicazioni

Alberto Maringhini
Direttore Medicina Interna 1
ARNAS Civico
Research gate score
  • Research Interests: 996.7
  • Citations: 1.973
  • h-index: 26
Screening del cancro del pancreas: un trial controllato
Coordinatori dello studio
  • Dott. Alberto Maringhini
  • Dott.ssa Rosalia Patti
  • Dott.ssa Anna Riili
  • Dott.ssa Margherita Rossi
Scopo dello studio

dimostrare che lo screening di una popolazione a rischio per cancro del pancreas permette:

  • diagnosi precoce
  • migliore sopravvivenza


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